Some examples of phylogenetic relationships among human and mouse bHLH. Rooted NJ trees are shown. Numbers above branches indicate per cent support in bootstrap analyses (1,000 replicates). As in Figure 1, the rooting should be considered arbitrary. Branch lengths are proportional to distance between sequences. Mouse genes are shown in red, human genes in blue, and other species in black. Species abreviations are as followed: Br, Brachydanio rerio; Ce, Caenorhabditis elegans; Ci, Ciona intestinalis; Dm, Drosophila melanogaster; Gg, Gallus gallus; Tr, Takifugu rubripes; Xl, Xenopus laevis. (a) Evolutionary relationships among Atonal 'superfamily' members (see Figure 1). The different constituting families are pointed out. For sake of simplicity, only mouse, human and fly genes are shown. This tree is rooted using the closely related twist gene from mouse (see Figure 1) as outgroup. In all cases, a human and a mouse sequence cluster together with high bootstrap values, indicating orthology relationships. (b) Evolutionary relationships among Mesp family members. This tree is rooted using the closely related MATH1 gene from mouse (see Figure 1) as outgroup. Whereas one human and one mouse bHLH (N015926 and pMeso1, respectively) are clearly orthologs, there is no one-to-one relationship between two mouse bHLH (Mesp1 and Mesp2) and three human bHLH (N010356a, b, c), although these bHLH cluster together with a high bootstrap value. (c) Evolutionary relationships among TF4 and MLX family members. This tree is rooted using the closely related MITF gene from mouse (see Figure 1) as outgroup. Two human genes have clear mouse orthologs but two others (Q9HAP2 and N005106) have no such orthologs. (d) Evolutionary relationships among SCL family members. This tree is rooted using the closely related Hen1 gene (NSCL family) from mouse (see Figure 1) as outgroup. The Lyl1 and Lyl2 mouse genes are collectively orthologs to one human gene (P12980), indicating a probable gene duplication specific to mouse.