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A map of smells
Genome Biology volume 1, Article number: spotlight-20000921-03 (2000)
Odorants are detected by a vast collection of receptors in the nose. Individual sensory neurons probably express a single receptor, and all the neurons that express a particular receptor converge on a few topographically fixed glomeruli in the brain's olfactory bulb (OB). Researchers are keen to see whether there is any functional sorting of olfactory information during this projection process, and now in the October Nature Neuroscience Uchida et al. find that, indeed, odorants with different functional groups are detected by different areas of the brain's olfactory bulb (Nat. Neuro. 2000, 3:1035-1043). Carboxylic acids and aldehydes are detected in an anteromedial domain, whereas alcohols and ketones are detected in a lateral domain. Especially within the anteromedial domain, odorants of increasing carbon chain length are detected by clusters of glomeruli that are nested in more anterior and lateral positions. This is in agreement with data demonstrating that olfactory neurons expressing related receptors project to neighboring glomeruli. The only question now is how this sorting takes place.
Molecular biology of odorant receptors in vertebrates.
Combinatorial receptor codes for odors.
Information coding in the olfactory system: evidence for a stereotyped and highly organized epitope map in the olfactory bulb.
Nature Neuroscience, [http://0-www.nature.com.brum.beds.ac.uk/neuro/]
Olfactory neurons expressing closely linked and homologous odorant receptor genes tend to project their axons to neighboring glomeruli on the olfactory bulb.
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Wells, W. A map of smells. Genome Biol 1, spotlight-20000921-03 (2000) doi:10.1186/gb-spotlight-20000921-03
- Carboxylic Acid
- Sensory Neuron
- Olfactory Bulb
- Carbon Chain