Skip to main content

Advertisement

All motifs are NOT created equal: structural properties of transcription factor-DNA interactions and the inference of sequence specificity

Article metrics

Abstract

The identification of transcription factor binding sites in genome sequences is an important problem in contemporary sequence analysis, and a plethora of approaches to the problem have been proposed, implemented and evaluated in recent years. Although the biological and statistical models, descriptions of binding sites and computational algorithms used vary considerably amongst these methods, most share a common assumption – that all motifs are equally likely to be transcription factor binding sites. Here we argue that this simplifying assumption is incorrect – that the specific nature of transcription factor-DNA interactions imposes constraints on the types of motifs that are likely to be transcription factor binding sites and on the relationships between motifs recognized by members of structurally similar transcription factors. We propose that our structural and biochemical understanding of the interactions between transcription factors and DNA can be used to guide de novo motif detection methods, and, in a series of related papers introduce several methods that incorporate this idea.

Author information

Rights and permissions

Reprints and Permissions

About this article

Cite this article

Eisen, M.B. All motifs are NOT created equal: structural properties of transcription factor-DNA interactions and the inference of sequence specificity. Genome Biol 6, P7 (2005) doi:10.1186/gb-2005-6-5-p7

Download citation

Keywords

  • Transcription Factor Binding Site
  • Information Profile
  • Motif Detection
  • Dirichlet Mixture
  • Similar Transcription Factor