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Table 1 List of 51 chromosomes under study

From: Asymmetric directional mutation pressures in bacteria

Chromosome Strain ACC EMGLib Genome (bp) Chir G+C (%) P 12 P 3 GC IGR
Aeropyrum pernix K1 AP0000 [58,59,60,61,62,63,64] CG0043 1,669,695 No 56.3 0.567 0.662 0.506
Aquifex aeolicus VF5 AE000657 CG0034 1,551,335 No 43.5 0.442 0.488 0.386
Archaeoglobus fulgidus DSM 4304 AE000782 CG0032 2,178,400 No 48.6 0.507 0.489 0.377
Bacillus halodurans C-125 BA000004 CG0057 4,202,353 Yes 43.7 0.466 0.403 0.384
Bacillus subtilis 168 AL009126 CG0031 4,214,814 Yes 43.5 0.455 0.424 0.364
Borrelia burgdorferi B31 AE000783 CG0033 910,724 Yes 28.6 0.347 0.197 0.212
Buchnera sp. APS AP000398 CG0058 640,681 Yes 26.3 0.360 0.122 0.155
Caulobacter crescentus CB15 AE005673 CG0068 4,016,947 Yes 67.2 0.600 0.856 0.625
Campylobacter jejuni NCTC11168 AL111168 CG0047 1641481 Yes 30.6 0.381 0.175 0.205
Chlamydia muridarum MoPn AE002160 CG0054 1069412 Yes 40.3 0.462 0.317 0.360
Chlamydia trachomatis D/U W-3/Cx AE001273 CG0037 1,042,519 Yes 41.3 0.468 0.330 0.360
Chlamydophila pneumoniae CWL029 AE001363 CG0041 1,230,230 Yes 40.6 0.459 0.332 0.323
Chlamydophila pneumoniae AR39 AE002161 CG0053 1,229,853 Yes 40.6 0.460 0.271 0.340
Chlamydophila pneumoniae J138 BA000008 CG0062 1,228,267 Yes 40.6 0.459 0.332 0.323
Deinococcus radiodurans chromosome 1 R1 AE000513 CG0049 2,648,638 Yes 67.0 0.622 0.801 0.623
Deinococcus radiodurans chromosome 2 R1 AE001825 CG0050 412,348 Yes 66.7 0.605 0.824 0.593
Escherichia coli K-12 U00096 CG0028 4,639,221 Yes 50.8 0.514 0.534 0.425
Escherichia coli EDL933 AE005174 CG0069 5,528,970 Yes 50.4 0.513 0.527 0.425
Escherichia coli RIMD 0509952 BA000007 CG0070 5,498,450 Yes 50.5 0.514 0.528 0.424
Halobacterium sp. NRC-1 AE004437 CG0065 2,014,239 No 67.9 0.600 0.880 0.634
Haemophilus influenzae KW20 L42023 CG0001 1,830,140 Yes 38.2 0.447 0.265 0.312
Helicobacter pylori 26695 AE000511 CG0001 1,667,877 Yes 38.2 0.396 0.404 0.302
Helicobacter pylori J99 AE001439 CG0042 1,643,831 Yes 39.2 0.397 0.411 0.308
Lactococcus lactis IL1403 AE005176 CG0074 2365589 Yes 35.5 0.425 0.229 0.276
Methanobacterium thermoautotrophicum H AE000666 CG0030 1,751,377 No 49.5 0.525 0.500 0.383
Methanococcus jannaschii DSM 2661 L77117 CG0003 1,664,977 No 31.4 0.347 0.307 0.252
Mycobacterium leprae TN AL450380 CG0071 3,268,203 Yes 57.8 0.576 0.638 0.546
Mycobacterium tuberculosis H37Rv AL123456 CG0035 4,411,529 Yes 65.6 0.604 0.787 0.625
Mycobacterium tuberculosis CDC1551 AE000516 CG0073 4,403,836 Yes 65.6 0.605 0.783 0.627
Mycoplasma genitalium G-37 L43967 CG0002 580,073 Yes 31.7 0.367 0.221 0.272
Mycoplasma pneumoniae M 129 U00089 CG0011 816,394 Yes 40.0 0.409 0.403 0.339
Mycoplasma pulmonis UAB CTIP AL445566 CG0072 963879 Yes 26.6 0.343 0.140 0.182
Neisseria meningitidis Z2491 (A) AL162759 CG0056 2,184,406 Yes 51.8 0.503 0.598 0.444
Neisseria meningitidis MC58 (B) AE002098 CG0055 2,272,351 Yes 51.5 0.502 0.593 0.447
Pasteurella multocida PM70 AE004439 CG0075 2,257,487 Yes 40.4 0.453 0.323 0.329
Pseudomonas aeruginosa PA01 AE004091 CG0059 6,264,403 Yes 66.6 0.583 0.870 0.616
Pyrococcus abyssi GE5 AL096836 CG0045 1,765,118 Yes 44.7 0.457 0.511 0.379
Pyrococcus horikoshii OT3 AP00000 [1,2,3,4,5,6,7] CG0038 1,738,505 Yes 41.9 0.449 0.428 0.376
Rickettsia prowazekii Madrid E AJ235269 CG0040 1,111,523 Yes 29.0 0.387 0.168 0.242
Staphylococcus aureus Mu50 BA000017 CG0076 2,878,134 Yes 32.9 0.404 0.205 0.277
Staphylococcus aureus N315 BA000018 CG0077 2,813,641 Yes 32.8 0.404 0.204 0.274
Streptococcus pyogenes SF370 AE004092 CG0078 1,852,441 Yes 38.5 0.439 0.297 0.325
Sulfolobus solfataricus P2 AE006641 CG0079 2,992,245 No 35.8 0.409 0.325 0.310
Synechocystis sp. PCC 6803 AB001339 CG0010 3,573,470 No 47.7 0.503 0.468 0.421
Thermoplasma acidophilum DSM 1728 AL139299 CG0060 1,564,906 Yes 46.0 0.473 0.558 0.361
Thermotoga maritima MSB8 AE000512 CG0044 1,860,725 Yes 46.2 0.456 0.524 0.397
Treponema pallidum Nichols AE000520 CG0036 1,138,011 Yes 52.8 0.537 0.538 0.541
Ureaplasma urealyticum ATCC 700970 AF222894 CG0048 751,719 Yes 25.5 0.334 0.112 0.178
Vibrio cholerae chromosome 1 N16961 AE003852 CG0063 2,961,149 Yes 47.7 0.494 0.470 0.412
Vibrio cholerae chromosome 2 N16961 AE003853 CG0064 1,072,315 Yes 46.9 0.482 0.458 0.431
Xylella fastidiosa 9a5c AE003849 CG0061 2,679,306 Yes 52.7 0.535 0.552 0.468
  1. The first column is the species names with chromosome number when necessary, the second the strain that was sequenced. ACC is the accession number in the DDBJ/EMBL/GenBank database, EMGLib the accession number in EMGlib database [88]. Chir denotes whether a clear chirochore structure allowed for the classification of subsequences (for example, CDS) in the leading or lagging group. The G+C contents are given for the whole genome (G+C), in first and second codon positions (P12), in third codon positions (P3), and large intergenic spaces (GCIGR) as defined in the Materials and methods section.