- Web report
- Open Access
The definitive source for protein structures
- Melanie Nelson
© BioMed Central Ltd 2000
- Received: 29 October 2000
- Published: 28 November 2000
Protein Data Bank (PDB) is the recognized public repository for protein structure information.
- Nuclear Magnetic Resonance
- Protein Data Bank
- Structural Biologist
- Search Feature
- Unit Cell Dimension
Protein Data Bank mirror sites are available.
Protein Data Bank (PDB) is the recognized public repository for protein structure information. Most scientific journals will not allow structural biologists to publish a new experimentally determined structure unless the authors also deposit the three-dimensional coordinates with the PDB. The data bank now contains more than 13,000 structures, the majority of which have been determined by X-ray crystallographic or nuclear magnetic resonance (NMR) methods. The data bank also contains some structures that are theoretical models. The coordinates for the structures can be downloaded in the PDB's text-based format, and then viewed using rendering software such as RasMol. The site also provides an excellent 'Structure Explorer' feature, with which users can investigate an individual structure after locating it using the search interface. The Structure Explorer includes the ability to view the structure, either as a still image or interactively, using a variety of methods. It also provides a wealth of information to structural biologists and other scientists who work extensively with protein structures, such as a table of the dihedral angles in the structure, and the sequence of the protein with the associated secondary structure indicated.
New structures are constantly being added to the data bank. The last update at the time of reporting was 24 October 2000.
When the RCSB took over administration of the PDB, they introduced the summary information page, which allows the user to view important information about the structure, such as the primary literature citation and basic experimental details, before downloading the entire coordinates file. This is useful, because the download of the complete file can take time.
The RCSB has introduced many new search features specific for structures determined by X-ray crystallography. It would be nice to see similarly specialized search features for structures determined by NMR. For instance, it would be useful to be able to search on the number of NMR restraints per residue used in the structure calculations. A new task force has been formed to address issues specific to NMR structures, so perhaps these search features will appear soon.
The PDB website includes an excellent page of links to Protein Data Bank mirror sites, particularly resources about protein structure, sequence and function.